Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 0134)

  • Number
    4575739
  • Other name
    (WS 0134)
  • Primary address

    325, Council Street Bondi Junction, 2022. NSW
    LGA: Waverley
    LGA region: Sydney
    DUAP region: Sydney South

  • Alternate Address

    326, James Street Bondi Junction, 2022. NSW
    LGA: Waverley
    LGA code: WAVE
    LGA region: Sydney
    DUAP region: Sydney South

  • Owner
    Sydney Water
  • Current use
    Reservoir.
  • Former use
    Reservoir.
  • Item type
    Built
  • Item group
    Utilities - Water
  • Item category
    Water Supply Reservoir/ Dam
  • Parcels

    Parcel code: LOT
    Lot number: 1
    Section number:
    Plan code: DP
    Plan number: 547312
    Updated: 17 February 2003

    Parcel code: LOT
    Lot number: 1
    Section number:
    Plan code: DP
    Plan number: 84615
    Updated: 17 February 2003

  • Curtilage/Boundary
    The curtilage includes Sydney Water's infrastructure to the boundaries of Lot 1 in DP no.84615 and Lot 1 in DP no.547312, as shown on the curtilage plan.
  • AMG easting
    338684900
  • AMG northing
    6248085551
  • Statement of significance
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs, the rapid growth of demand in the Sydney suburbs, and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas. Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 134) is one of a small group of rectangular or irregular shaped concrete reservoirs, serving the needs of larger historical communities, or mirroring the growing demand for supply. The listing includes the reservoir and all associated pipework, valves and valve houses to the property boundary.
  • Endorsed significance
    Local
  • Circa
    No
  • Physical description
    Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 134) is a concrete rectangular reservoir. Originally Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 134) was to have a brick fa├žade, similar to Wahroonga Reservoir No.3 (WS 125). Standard features include: handrail in tubular steel (removed), davit, access ladder, and depth gauge board.
  • Modifications made
    The reservoir has been roofed to safeguard water quality (1960s-1970s).
  • History
    Waverley Reservoir (Covered), nicknamed "Stonehenge" (WS 132), completed in 1887, was the last of four reservoirs built to augment the Botany Swamps Scheme (1858-1886). The other three reservoirs include: - Crown Street Reservoir (WS 34), 1859. - Paddington Reservoir, 1864 (disused and no longer owned by Sydney Water). - Woollahra Reservoir (WS 144), 1880. However Waverley Reservoir (WS 134) was not supplied solely by Botany Swamps water, because by 1886 the Hudson Scheme had come on line, supplying water from the Upper Nepean, prior to the completion of that scheme in 1888. Water was pumped from Woollahra Reservoir for the first six years of its service, then from Crown Street Reservoir in 1893. Waverley Reservoir (WS 132) was the highest of the reservoirs intended to be supplied by Botany Swamps. However it soon became apparent that additional height was required for reticulation purposes. This led to the construction of two elevated steel tanks in 1894 (now demolished). With increasing demand, these tanks were eventually superseded by the present Waverley Reservoir (Elevated) (WS 136) and Waverley Reservoir No.2 (Covered) (WS 133), both completed in 1917. Final augmentation of supply took place in 1938 with the construction of Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 134). The group of four reservoirs not only supply the Eastern Suburbs by gravitation, but also supply Bellevue Hill (WS 10) by pumping station. The Waverley Reservoir group not only demonstrates the dramatic increase in demand from 1887 through to 1938, but also the progression and development of reservoir construction techniques, rarely seen on any other Sydney Water site.
  • National
    Settlement
  • State
    Utilities
  • Local
    Water Supply
  • Local description
    Relates to the planning, development, expansion and provision of water supply.
  • a) Historical
    Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 134) is one of a small group of rectangular or irregular shaped concrete reservoirs, serving the needs of larger historical communities, or mirroring the growing demand for supply. The reservoirs at Waverley demonstrate the growth in demand in the Eastern Suburbs from 1885 onwards, now more than 100 years of growth and have played a major role in the development of the Eastern Suburbs. Waverley Reservoir No. 3 further illustrates this progression, providing a final and substantial water storage solution which has serviced the local area since 1937. The site now supplies some 20 times that originally provided. Waverley Reservoirs No. 3 is considered to be of local heritage significance.
  • b) Association
    The Waverley Reservoirs Site demonstrates the variety of reservoir construction techniques used by the MBWS &S and BWS & S and the high quality engineering expertise available to the Board. The Reservoirs meet this criterion at the local level.
  • d) Social
    The Waverley Reservoir site has functioned to provide water storage since the earliest establishment of the eastern suburbs of Sydney. The Reservoirs is likely to be esteemed by the local community as part of the Waverley Park although the special value of the Reservoirs as symbolic of civic progress is a less popular notion today. It is considered that the Reservoirs meet this criterion at the local level.
  • e) Research
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas.
  • f) Rarity
    One of a small group of concrete, rectangular or irregular shaped reservoirs with concrete truss wall supports in the Sydney Water system.
  • g) Representative
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas. All covered reservoirs are highly significant within the Sydney Water system, since all differ in construction technology, design and architectural detailing. All therefore contribute to our understanding of the development of covered reservoirs in NSW. Waverley Reservoir No. 3 can be compared to Wahroonga Reservoir No. 3.
  • List name
    Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register
  • Date listing listed
    01 January 2000
  • List name
    National Trust of Australia register
  • Date listing listed
    01 January 2000
  • Title
    Waverley Reservoirs Site Conservation Management Plan
  • Author
    Sydney Water
  • Published
    2004
  • Item reference number in study
  • Site of Waverley Reservoir No.3, under construction.
    Site of Waverley Reservoir No.3, under construction.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 01 January 2036
  • Historic aerial photograph of Waverley Park,1960.
    Historic aerial photograph of Waverley Park,1960.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 01 January 2060
  • Schematic diagram of Waverley Reservoirs Site (excluding WPS28).
    Schematic diagram of Waverley Reservoirs Site (excluding WPS28).
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 13 July 1995
  • WS 134. View of concrete roof to wall section of reservoir.
    WS 134. View of concrete roof to wall section of reservoir.
    Created by: Edward Higginbotham
    Creation date: 01 July 2000
  • WS 134. North east corner of reservoir, facing WS 133, WS 136.
    WS 134. North east corner of reservoir, facing WS 133, WS 136.
    Created by: Edward Higginbotham
    Creation date: 01 July 2000
  • The physical curtilage plan for Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 0134).
    The physical curtilage plan for Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 0134).
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 31 May 2006
  • Data entry status
    Basic
  • Entered
    18 December 2000
  • Updated
    05 March 2014