Waverley Reservoir No.2 (Covered) (WS 0133)

  • Number
    4575738
  • Other name
    (WS 0133)
  • Primary address

    323, Paul Street Bondi Junction, 2022. NSW
    LGA: Waverley
    LGA region: Sydney
    DUAP region: Sydney South

  • Alternate Address

    324, Bondi Road Bondi Junction, 2022. NSW
    LGA: Waverley
    LGA code: WAVE
    LGA region: Sydney
    DUAP region: Sydney South

  • Owner
    Sydney Water
  • Current use
    Reservoir.
  • Former use
    Reservoir.
  • Item type
    Built
  • Item group
    Utilities - Water
  • Item category
    Water Supply Reservoir/ Dam
  • Parcels

    Parcel code: LOT
    Lot number: 1
    Section number:
    Plan code: DP
    Plan number: 1035985
    Updated: 17 February 2003

    Parcel code: LOT
    Lot number: 1
    Section number:
    Plan code: CP
    Plan number: 1596.3
    Updated: 17 February 2003

  • Curtilage/Boundary
    The curtilage includes Syndey Water's infrastructure to the boundary shown on the curtilage plan. The site is located within a portion of Lot 1 in DP no.1035985.
  • AMG easting
    338824749
  • AMG northing
    6248120338
  • Statement of significance
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs, the rapid growth of demand in the Sydney suburbs, and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas. Waverley Reservoir No.2 (Covered) (WS 133) is one of a small number of covered reservoirs in the Sydney Water Supply System. The construction of the elevated over the covered reservoir indicates the high level of engineering expertise available in the MWS&DB in the early 20th century. All covered reservoirs are highly significant within the Sydney Water system, since all differ in construction technology, design and architectural detailing. All contribute to our understanding of the development of covered reservoirs in NSW. The listing includes the reservoir and all associated pipework, valves and valve houses to the property boundary.
  • Endorsed significance
    Local
  • Circa
    No
  • Physical description
    Waverley Reservoir No.2 (WS 133) is a covered reservoir, constructed with concrete floor, walls and roof. The roof is constructed using flat reinforced concrete slabs, supported on concrete encased steel beams and columns. The roof is covered in fill and grassed over. The cast iron ventilation shafts are similar to those at Centennial Park No.1 Reservoir (WS 22) and also Pymble Reservoir No.1 (Covered) (WS 97). The recreational and open space usage of the roof of the reservoir is a historical and important feature of most covered reservoirs.
  • History
    Waverley Reservoir (Covered), nicknamed "Stonehenge" (WS 132), completed in 1887, was the last of four reservoirs built to augment the Botany Swamps Scheme (1858-1886). The other three reservoirs include: - Crown Street Reservoir (WS 34), 1859. - Paddington Reservoir, 1864 (disused and no longer owned by Sydney Water). - Woollahra Reservoir (WS 144), 1880. However Waverley Reservoir (WS 132) was not supplied solely by Botany Swamps water, because by 1886 the Hudson Scheme had come on line, supplying water from the Upper Nepean, prior to the completion of that scheme in 1888. Water was pumped from Woollahra Reservoir for the first six years of its service, then from Crown Street Reservoir in 1893. Waverley Reservoir (WS 132) was the highest of the reservoirs intended to be supplied by Botany Swamps. However it soon became apparent that additional height was required for reticulation purposes. This led to the construction of two elevated steel tanks in 1894 (now demolished). With increasing demand, these tanks were eventually superseded by the present Waverley Reservoir (Elevated) (WS 136) and Waverley Reservoir No.2 (Covered) (WS 133), both completed in 1917. Final augmentation of supply took place in 1938 with the construction of Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 134). The group of four reservoirs not only supply the Eastern Suburbs by gravitation, but also supply Bellevue Hill (WS 10) by pumping station. The Waverley Reservoir group not only demonstrates the dramatic increase in demand from 1887 through to 1938, but also the progression and development of reservoir construction techniques, rarely seen on any other Sydney Water site.
  • National
    Settlement
  • State
    Utilities
  • Local
    Water Supply
  • Local description
    Relates to the planning, development, expansion and provision of water supply.
  • a) Historical
    The reservoirs at Waverley demonstrate the growth in demand in the Eastern Suburbs from 1885 onwards, now more than 100 years of growth and have played a major role in the development of the Eastern Suburbs. This reservoir and site demonstrates particularly well the amplification in demand due to growing population. Waverley Reservoir No. 2 and Waverley Elevated Reservoir (1917) demonstrate the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs, the rapid growth of demand and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to suburban development favouring the highest land. It is considered that Waverley Reservoir No. 2 meets this criterion at the State level.
  • b) Association
    The Waverley Reservoirs Site demonstrates the variety of reservoir construction techniques used by the MBWS &S and BWS & S and the high quality engineering expertise available to the Board. The design of Waverley Elevated Reservoir and Waverley Reservoir No. 2 illustrates the high standards of design quality at the times of construction. The Reservoir meets this criterion at the local level.
  • c) Aesthetic
    The construction of the elevated over the covered reservoir indicates the high level of engineering expertise available in the MWS&DB in the early 20th century. The recreational and open space usage of the roof of the reservoir is a historical and important feature of this and most other covered reservoirs. Waverley Reservoir No.2 meets this criterion at the State level.
  • d) Social
    The Waverley Reservoir site has functioned to provide water storage since the earliest establishment of the eastern suburbs of Sydney. The Reservoir is likely to be esteemed by the local community as part of the Waverley Park although the special value of the Reservoir as symbolic of civic progress is a less popular notion today. It is considered that the Reservoir meets this criterion at the local level.
  • e) Research
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas. Waverley Reservoir No.2 (Covered) (WS 133) is one of a small number of covered reservoirs in the Sydney Water Supply System. All covered reservoirs are highly significant within the Sydney Water system, since all differ in construction technology, design and architectural detailing. All therefore contribute to our understanding of the development of covered reservoirs in NSW.
  • f) Rarity
    One of a small group of large covered reservoirs, each demonstrating differences in construction, design and architectural detailing. One of only two sites in the Sydney Water system where the structure of one reservoir is integrated with another.
  • g) Representative
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas. All covered reservoirs are highly significant within the Sydney Water system, since all differ in construction technology, design and architectural detailing. All therefore contribute to our understanding of the development of covered reservoirs in NSW. Reservoir No. 2 meets the criterion for States significance in this regard.
  • List name
    Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register
  • Date listing listed
    01 January 2000
  • List name
    National Trust of Australia register
  • Date listing listed
    01 January 2000
  • Title
    Waverley Reservoirs Site Conservation Management Plan
  • Author
    Sydney Water
  • Published
    2004
  • Item reference number in study
  • View of Covered Reservoir and Valve House from Elevated Reservoir.
    View of Covered Reservoir and Valve House from Elevated Reservoir.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 01 December 2008
  • View of Covered Reservoir and Valve House from Elevated Reservoir.
    View of Covered Reservoir and Valve House from Elevated Reservoir.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 01 December 2008
  • View of Valve House with Ventilation Stack to the right.
    View of Valve House with Ventilation Stack to the right.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 01 December 2008
  • View of Valve House.
    View of Valve House.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 01 December 2008
  • View of vent to underground WS 0133.
    View of vent to underground WS 0133.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 14 July 2004
  • Valve House to underground WS 0133.
    Valve House to underground WS 0133.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 14 July 2004
  • WS 0133. General view of roof of covered reservoir, showing WS 136 (right), Antechamber or Valve House and ventilation shafts to WS 133.
    WS 0133. General view of roof of covered reservoir, showing WS 136 (right), Antechamber or Valve House and ventilation shafts to WS 133.
    Created by: Edward Higginbotham
    Creation date: 01 July 2000
  • WS 0133.  Antechamber or Valve House, with ventilation shaft at the corner of the covered reservoir.
    WS 0133. Antechamber or Valve House, with ventilation shaft at the corner of the covered reservoir.
    Created by: Edward Higginbotham
    Creation date: 01 July 2000
  • The physical curtilage plan for Waverley Reservoir No.2 (WS 0133).
    The physical curtilage plan for Waverley Reservoir No.2 (WS 0133).
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 31 May 2006
  • Data entry status
    Basic
  • Entered
    18 December 2000
  • Updated
    05 March 2014