Waverley Reservoir (Elevated) (WS 0136)

  • Number
    4575737
  • Other name
    (WS 0136)
  • Primary address

    321, Paul Street Bondi Junction, 2022. NSW
    LGA: Waverley
    LGA region: Sydney
    DUAP region: Sydney South

  • Alternate Address

    322, Bondi Road Bondi Junction, 2022. NSW
    LGA: Waverley
    LGA code: WAVE
    LGA region: Sydney
    DUAP region: Sydney South

  • Owner
    Sydney Water
  • Current use
    Reservoir.
  • Former use
    Reservoir.
  • Item type
    Built
  • Item group
    Utilities - Water
  • Item category
    Water Supply Reservoir/ Dam
  • Parcels

    Parcel code: LOT
    Lot number: 1
    Section number:
    Plan code: CP
    Plan number: 1596.3
    Updated: 17 February 2003

    Parcel code: LOT
    Lot number: 1
    Section number:
    Plan code: DP
    Plan number: 1035985
    Updated: 17 February 2003

  • Curtilage/Boundary
    The curtilage includes the reservoir and is defined by the area shown on the curtilage plan.
  • AMG easting
    338829826
  • AMG northing
    6248139304
  • Statement of significance
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs, the rapid growth of demand in the Sydney suburbs, and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas. Waverley Reservoir (Elevated) (WS 136) is one of the most ornate and decorative of the reinforced concrete reservoirs, either elevated or surface, in the Sydney Water system. The construction of the elevated over the covered reservoir indicates the high level of engineering expertise available in the MWS&DB in the early 20th century.
  • Endorsed significance
    State
  • Circa
    No
  • Physical description
    Waverley Reservoir (Elevated) (WS 136) is a reinforced concrete reservoir, with ornate and decorative sides. It is constructed over the roof of Waverley Reservoir No.2 (Covered) (WS 133), with the roof support columns of the covered reservoir also supporting the sides and base of the elevated reservoir. Both reservoirs were built together in an integrated and innovative fashion. The elevated reservoir has an unusual feature, namely an attached rectangular antechamber or valve house, with its exterior walls decorated in a similar fashion to the circular reservoir. The decorative features include pilasters framing panels with blocked and arched false windows. Above the entrance doorway is a shield with Gothic script, "Sanitas est vita", and above that the following inscription "ERECTED / BY THE / METROPOLITAN BOARD OF WATER SUPPLY / AND SEWERAGE SYDNEY / 1918 AD".
  • Modifications made
    The reservoir has been roofed to safeguard water quality (1960s-1970s).
  • History
    Waverley Reservoir (Covered), nicknamed "Stonehenge" (WS 132), completed in 1887, was the last of four reservoirs built to augment the Botany Swamps Scheme (1858-1886). The other three reservoirs include: - Crown Street Reservoir (WS 34), 1859. - Paddington Reservoir, 1864 (disused and no longer owned by Sydney Water). - Woollahra Reservoir (WS 144), 1880. However Waverley Reservoir (WS 132) was not supplied solely by Botany Swamps water, because by 1886 the Hudson Scheme had come on line, supplying water from the Upper Nepean, prior to the completion of that scheme in 1888. Water was pumped from Woollahra Reservoir for the first six years of its service, then from Crown Street Reservoir in 1893. From 1927 onwards Waterloo Pumping Station took over supply of the reservoir. Waverley Reservoir (WS 132) was the highest of the reservoirs intended to be supplied by Botany Swamps. However it soon became apparent that additional height was required for reticulation purposes. This led to the construction of two elevated steel tanks in 1894 (now demolished). With increasing demand, these tanks were eventually superseded by the present Waverley Reservoir (Elevated) (WS 136) and Waverley Reservoir No.2 (Covered) (WS 133), both completed in 1917. Final augmentation of supply took place in 1938 with the construction of Waverley Reservoir No.3 (WS 134). The group of four reservoirs not only supply the Eastern Suburbs by gravitation, but also supply Bellevue Hill (WS 10) by pumping station. The Waverley Reservoir group not only demonstrates the dramatic increase in demand from 1887 through to 1938, but also the progression and development of reservoir construction techniques, rarely seen on any other Sydney Water site.
  • National
    Settlement
  • State
    Utilities
  • Local
    Water Supply
  • Local description
    Relates to the planning, development, expansion and provision of water supply.
  • a) Historical
    This reservoir and site demonstrates particularly well the amplification in demand due to growing population. Waverley Reservoir No. 2 and Waverley Elevated Reservoir (1917) demonstrate the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs, the rapid growth of demand and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to suburban development favouring the highest land.
  • b) Association
    The Waverley Reservoirs Site demonstrates the variety of reservoir construction techniques used by the MBWS &S and BWS & S and the high quality engineering expertise available to the Board. The design of Waverley Elevated Reservoir and Waverley Reservoir No. 2 illustrates the high standards of design quality at the times of construction. The Reservoir meets this criterion at the local level.
  • c) Aesthetic
    Waverley Reservoir (Elevated) (WS 136) is one of the most ornate and decorative of the reinforced concrete reservoirs, either elevated or surface. The construction of the elevated over the covered reservoir indicates the high level of engineering expertise available in the MWS&DB in the early 20th century.
  • d) Social
    The Waverley Reservoir site has functioned to provide water storage since the earliest establishment of the eastern suburbs of Sydney. The Reservoirs are likely to be esteemed by the local community as part of the Waverley Park, although the special value of the Reservoirs as symbolic of civic progress is a less popular notion today.
  • e) Research
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas.
  • f) Rarity
    One of a small group of elevated concrete reservoirs on a concrete pier stand in the Sydney Water system. One of only two sites in the Sydney Water supply system where the structure of one reservoir is integrated with another using innovative technology.
  • g) Representative
    The group of four reservoirs at Waverley demonstrates the progressive development of different construction techniques for reservoirs and the need for greater elevation in order to connect reticulation mains to the higher suburban areas. All covered reservoirs are highly significant within the Sydney Water system, since all differ in construction technology, design and architectural detailing. All contribute to our understanding of the development of covered reservoirs in NSW. Functionally, the Waverley Reservoirs Site as a group is an essential element of the Eastern Suburbs Water Supply System.
  • List name
    Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register
  • Date listing listed
    01 January 2000
  • List name
    National Trust of Australia register
  • Date listing listed
    01 January 2000
  • List name
    Heritage Act - State Heritage Register
  • Name
    State Heritage Register
  • Reference number
    01646
  • Gazette number
    220
  • Gazette page
    9709
  • Date listing listed
    15 November 2002
  • Title
    Waverley Reservoirs Site Conservation Management Plan
  • Author
    Sydney Water
  • Published
    2004
  • Item reference number in study
  • WS 136. Circular Reservoir, with Antechamber or Valve House for WS 133 and WS 136.
    WS 136. Circular Reservoir, with Antechamber or Valve House for WS 133 and WS 136.
    Created by: Edward Higginbotham
    Creation date: 01 October 2004
  • WS 136. View of Concrete Reservoir and Antechamber or Valve House. The staircase provides access to the top of WS 133 as well as the entrance to WS 136.
    WS 136. View of Concrete Reservoir and Antechamber or Valve House. The staircase provides access to the top of WS 133 as well as the entrance to WS 136.
    Created by: Edward Higginbotham
    Creation date: 01 October 2004
  • The physical curtilage plan for Waverley Reservoir (Elevated)(WS0136).
    The physical curtilage plan for Waverley Reservoir (Elevated)(WS0136).
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 14 July 2006
  • View of WS 0136.
    View of WS 0136.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 14 July 2004
  • View showing stairs to WS 0136.
    View showing stairs to WS 0136.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 14 July 2004
  • WS 0136 showing detail over door way.
    WS 0136 showing detail over door way.
    Created by: Sydney Water
    Creation date: 14 July 2004
  • Data entry status
    Basic
  • Entered
    18 December 2000
  • Updated
    05 March 2014